Kolkata: The Mission is named as Mission Nirmal Bangla and Nadia was India’s first district that was declared ODF. In Bengal, so far eight districts have been declared ODF – Nadia, South 24 Parganas, North 24 Parganas, Purba Bardhaman, Paschim Bardhaman, Cooch Behar, Hooghly and Purba Medinipur.
Under the mission the Government of West Bengal endeavors to achieve the larger objective of reduction in child mortality and morbidity, overall mortality and morbidity by reducing chances of water borne and fecal brone diseases due to prevalence of open defecation; reducing the loss of active workdays due to prevalence of diarrheal diseases among the wage seekers; reduce the drop out of children, especially girls due to lack of appropriate toilet facilities in schools; improve overall cleanliness in the villages thereby contributing to improved environmental conditions.
The overall goal of the Mission will be to bring about positive changes in the physical quality of life in the villages by romoting cleanliness, hygiene and elimination open defecation. To achieve these larger impacts on the villages and the community, the specific goal of the Mission is to transform all the villages of West Bengal to Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages by 2 October 2019.
Developing community managed solid and liquid management systems in the rural areas will also feature as priorities to improve overall cleanliness and environmental sanitation in the villages.
The Panchayats and Rural Development Department has created a silent revolution in Bengal with the Nirmal Bangla Mission by constructing 61,21,088 toilets in rural households. Thus, 95 per cent of the target for making the state open-defecation free (ODF) has been reached. The target of 64,15,430 rural toilets is going to be reached soon.
Howrah and Malda will be declared ODF by March 2018. The other districts that will be soon declared as ODF are Murshidabad, Dakshin Dinajpur and Birbhum. The Panchayats Department is on a fast track to complete the project for the rest of the districts.