New Delhi: In a landmark judgement, the Supreme Court on Friday allowed terminally-ill patients to make a ‘living will’ for passive euthanasia.
“Human beings have the right to die with dignity,” a five-judge Constitution bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra and justices A K Sikri, A M Khanwilkar, D Y Chandrachud and Ashok Bhushan said. While passing the judgement, the apex court asserted that it has laid down guidelines on who would execute the will and how nod for passive euthanasia would be granted by the medical board.
The judgement came on a petition that had sought the recognition of such a ‘living will’. living will is a written document by way of which a patient can give his explicit instructions in advance about the medical treatment to be administered when he or she is terminally ill or no longer able to express informed consent. Passive euthanasia, meanwhile, is a condition where there is withdrawal of medical treatment with the deliberate intention to hasten the death of a terminally-ill patient.