New Delhi: Two recently-declassified Intelligence Bureau (IB) files have revealed that the Jawaharlal Nehru government spied on the kin of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose for nearly two decades.
The files, which have since been moved to the National Archives, show unprecedented surveillance on Bose’s family members between 1948 and 1968.
Nehru was the prime minister for 16 of the 20 years and the IB reported directly to him. The files show the IB resumed British-era surveillance on the two Bose family homes in Calcutta: 1 Woodburn Park and 38/2 Elgin Road.
Reports show that Bureau surveillance was done on the two Bose family homes in Calcutta.
Netaji’s nephew siblings Sisir Kumar Bose and Amiya Nath Bose, who were close to Netaji, were somehow the centre of IB surveillance.
The revelations have startled the Bose family and shocked Netaji’s daughter.
According to BJP national spokesperson MJ Akbar, “Congress was scared of Bose’s return.”
Significantly, IB files are rarely declassified but in case of Netaji over 150 files kept with the PMO, IB, Home Ministry and External Affairs Ministry, which the government has refused to declassify for decades.
“Nobody has done more harm to me, than Jawaharlal Nehru,” wrote Netaji in 1939, in a letter to his nephew Amiya Nath Bose. The two claimants to Mahatma Gandhi’s political legacy split when he chose Nehru over Subhas Bose as his political successor because he was uncomfortable with the latter’s push for complete independence
Three Prime Ministers, Nehru in 1956, Indira Gandhi in 1970 and Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1999, appointed inquiry committees to uncover the truth. Two of them, the Shah Nawaz Committee in 1956 and the Khosla Commission in 1974 said Netaji died in a plane crash. Their findings were rejected by then Prime Minister Morarji Desai in 1978. The Justice (M.K.) Mukherjee Commission’s suggestion that Netaji had faked his death and had escaped to the Soviet Union was rejected by the UPA government in 2006.
Often, the inquiries have fuelled speculation. BJP leader Subramanian Swamy picks out the testimony of Shyam Lal Jain, Nehru’s stenographer who deposed before the Khosla Commission in 1970. Jain swore he had typed out a letter which Nehru then sent to Stalin in 1945 in which he admitted knowing of Bose’s captivity.
The report was published in an english daily which sparked off huge controversies related to the age old history of India.