Mumbai Blast 93: Black Friday to Thriller Thursday


The overnight speculations have come to an end. Opening up of the Supreme Court in the dead of the night and delivering judgement in the death sentence of Yakub Memon is a milestone in the history of Indian Judiciary. Yes, finally the conspirator is dead. The black Friday 12 March 1993, which claimed the lives of 257 people and left 713 others injured, have finally been delivered justice.

The backdrop of the Mumbai blasts dates back to December 6, 1992, the Babri Masjid of Ayodha was demolished followed by riots between the hindus and the muslims in the streets of Mumbai which claimed the lives of around 900 people.

To avenge the death of the Muslims in the riots 13 blasts were conducted under the instructions of underworld Don Dawood Ibrahim, Tiger Memon and was carried out by Yakub Memon. The whole operation was masterminded by the Pakistani ISI. 

Here is the timeline of the blasts and the incidents occurring after it.

March 12, 1993:- 13 serial blasts occur throughout Mumbai resulting in the death of 257 people and injuring 713 others

April 19,1993: Actor Sanjay Dutt (accused number 117) arrested.

November 4, 1993 : Over 10,000 page—long primary charge sheet filed against 189 accused, including Dutt.

November 19, 1993: Case handed over to CBI.

April 1, 1994: TADA court shifted from city’s sessions and civil court to a separate building inside the premises of the Arthur Road Central Jail.

April 10, 1995: 26 accused discharged by the TADA court. Charges framed against the remaining accused. Supreme Court discharges two more accused — travel agent Abu

Asim Azmi (now Samajwadi Party Member of Parliament) and Amjed Meher Baux.

April 19, 1995: Trial commences.

April-June, 1995: Charges framed against the accused. 

June 30: Two accused, Mohammed Jameel and Usman Jhankanan, turn approvers in the case.

October 14, 1995: Dutt granted bail by the Supreme Court.

March 23, 1996: Judge J N Patel transfered and elevated as a high court judge.

March 29, 1996: P D Kode designated as a special TADA judge for the case.

October, 2000: Examination of 684 prosecution witnesses ends.

March 9-July 18, 2001: Accused record their statements.

August 9, 2001: Prosecution begins arguments.

October 18, 2001: Prosecution completes arguments.

November 9, 2001: Defence starts arguments.

August 22, 2002: Defence closes arguments.

February 20, 2003: Dawood gang member Ejaz Pathan produced in court.

March 20, 2003: Mustafa Dossa’s remand proceedings and trial separated.

September 2003: Trial ends. Court reserves Judgement.

June 13, 2006: Gangster Abu Salem’s trial separated.

August 10, 2006: Judge P D Kode says judgement will be pronounced on September 12.

September 12, 2006: Court starts delivering the judgement, pronounces four members of the Memon family guilty, acquits three. 12 convicts awarded death penalty while 20 were given life sentence.

November 1, 2011: SC begins hearing on appeals filed by the 100 convicts as well as the state.

August 29, 2012: SC reserves its order on the appeals.

March 21, 2013: SC upholds death sentence of convict Yakub Memon, brother of Tiger Memon, and commutes death sentence of 10 convicts to life term. Life imprisonment of 16 out of 18 convicts also upheld. Sanjay Dutt also convicted and gets 5 years of jail.

 April 17, 2013: SC gives Sanjay Dutt a month to surrender

 May 10, 2013: SC dismisses Sanjay Dutt’s review plea

May 14, 2013: Sanjay Dutt withdrew the mercy plea
May 16, 2013: Dutt surrenders to Mumbai police.

Apr 11, 2014: President Pranab Mukherjee rejects Yakub's mercy plea. 

May 26: Yakub informed about his mercy plea.

 Jun 2: SC stays Memon's execution on plea seeking review petitions in death cases to be heard in open court instead of chambers. 

Apr 9, 2015: SC dismisses Memon's second petition seeking review of death sentence which was upheld by apex court. 

Jul 21: SC rejects Memon's curative petition, the last legal remedy to avoid execution of death sentence. * Jul 23: Memon moves SC seeking stay of execution of his death sentence scheduled for July 30. 

Jul 27: The case faces legal issues in SC regarding curative plea of Memon.

Jul 28: Two judges' SC bench split over Yakub's plea, refers it to CJI for constituting larger bench.

 Jul 29: SC dismisses Yakub's plea against his execution and says issue of death warrant is in order. 

Jul 29: He files fresh mercy plea to President. 

Jul 29: Maharashtra Governor rejects mercy plea, President also turns it down.

July 30, 2015: Memon files fresh petition before Supreme Court seeking stay on execution. SC rejects it in the wee hours. 

July 30: Memon is hanged.

A presentation by Avijit Das