Kolkata: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Friday paid homage to Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose on his 160th birth anniversary.
‘Tribute to Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose, physicist and plant researcher, on his birth anniversary’ Mamata tweeted.
Jagadish Chandra Bose born on November 30, 1858, was a multi-talented Indian scientist who also invented wireless communication: Amazing facts about the polymath.
Before the advent of twentieth century, science did not acknowledge the vitality of trees and plants. Then, on May 10, 1901, Bose proved that plants are like any other life form.
Bose proved that plants have a definite life cycle, a reproductive system and are aware of their surroundings. The demonstration took place in the Royal Society in London, England.
He demonstrated that plants are also sensitive to heat, cold, light, noise and various other external stimuli. Bose contrived a very sophisticated instrument called Cresco graph which could record and observe the minute responses because of external stimulants.
It was capable of magnifying the motion of plant tissues to about 10,000 times of their actual size, which found many similarities between plants and other living organisms.
Bose authored two illustrious books; ‘Response in the Living and Non-living’ (1902) and ‘The Nervous Mechanism of Plants’ (1926). He also extensively researched the behaviour of radio waves.
Mostly known as a plant physiologist, he was actually a physicist. Bose devised another instrument called ‘Coherer’, for detecting the radio waves.
Prior to his death in 1937, Bose set up the Bose Institute at Calcutta. He was elected the Fellow of the Royal Society in 1920 for his amazing contributions and achievements.