As India celebrates the 146th birth anniversary of father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi, who taught world the power of non-violence, the day October 2 itself contains a huge punch of historic events which in times brought huge change to the entire human civilization.
Indians all over the world celebrate the freedom fighter’s birth anniversary on 2 October and the day is also observed as the International Day of Non-Violence.
Here are a few key events related to 2nd October which brought drastic change to the world:
- Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule.
- U.S. President Woodrow Wilson suffers a massive stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed.
- The “Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God”, commonly known as Opus Dei, is founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá.
- 1941 – World War II: In Operation Typhoon, Germany begins an all-out offensive against Moscow.
- Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as the first African-American justice of United States Supreme Court.
- NATO backs U.S. military strikes following 9/11.
- Lal Bahadur Shastri, Academic, Activist, and Prime Minister of India was born on this day.
- German General Paul Von Hindenburg, who led Gerrman war machinery in First World War was born on this day.