SRIHARIKOTA: The Indian Space Research Organization on Monday successfully launched Astrosat, India’s first dedicated space observatory, from the space port of Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh, eleven years after the government cleared the project.PSLV-C30 is carrying Astrosat along with six other co-passengers, one satellite each from Indonesia and Canada, and four Nano satellites from the US.
Commenting on the launch, Indian Space Research Organization Chairman AS Kiran Kumar had recently said, “What it means for India is this: it is one of the first scientific missions which will be available to the Indian researcher community as an observation opportunity. This is a starting point for such things.”
Astrosat is India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory. One of the unique features of Astrosat mission is that it enables the observations of various astronomical objects with a single satellite, ISRO said.Astrosat will observe the universe in optical, ultraviolet, low and high energy X-ray regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, the other scientific satellites are capable of observing a narrow range of wavelength band.
Astrosat with a lift-off mass of about 1513 kg was launched into a 650 km orbit inclined at an angle of 6 degree to the equator by PSLV-C30.
According to ISRO, after injection into Orbit, the two solar panels of ASTROSAT will automatically deployed. The spacecraft control center at Mission Operations Complex (MOX) of ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) at Bengaluru will manage the satellite during its mission life.The mission is also to detect new briefly bright X-ray sources in the sky and to perform a limited deep field survey of the universe in the ultraviolet region. Astrosat scheduled for five years of flight carries four X-ray payloads, one UV telescope and a charge particle monitor.