New Delhi: An Indian company has emerged with a bold plan for taking over Sri Lanka’s struggling Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport (MRIA). The proposal, which would see India pumping $205 million into the airport for a 70% share for 40 years, was approved by Sri Lanka’s Civil Aviation Minister Nimal Siripala de Silva and sent on to the country’s cabinet for review.
While Sri Lanka has received a total of eight proposals from various other parties including China to take over the airport, the Indian plan is reportedly being reviewed separately.
“For many years, there was a very strong demand for Sri Lanka to add additional international aviation capacity. Air traffic through Colombo was getting too heavy, and the country either had to add an additional runway there or build or expand another airport elsewhere. At a cost of $209 million — most of which coming from China — Sri Lanka chose the later option, building Mattala International far out in southern Hambantota district, a 250 kilometre drive from Colombo.
This airport started out as a key part of an ambitious plan by Sri Lanka’s former president Mahinda Rajapaksa to transform his extremely rural hometown region into Sri Lanka’s number two metropolis. In addition to the airport, there would be a $1.4 billion deep sea port, a large industrial and export processing zone, an exhibition centre, a large cricket stadium, and a hotel and leisure area that would be connected together by some of the country’s best highways. The idea was that all of these large projects would rise up together and support each other. It was an all or nothing wager placed on creating an entirely new economy out in the middle of the jungle.”
However, this great scheme has yet to come to fruition. Being located in a remote area in an under-developed part of the country, Mattala airport has struggled to attract both passengers and airlines. Only one or two flights per day currently stop there and, according to the Sri Lankan government, the 3,000 flights that touched down at the airport in 2014 served just 21,000 passengers — averaging a mere seven passengers per plane.
This has led to MRIA being dubbed the “world’s emptiest international airport,” with its vacant corridors, gates, and tarmac serving as more of an attraction for curious journalists than actual passengers.
This squalid state of affairs has led to the airport suffering major financial losses, with the government claiming that MRIA had haemorrhaged $112.9 million by the end of last year. It has become abundantly clear that Mattala International cannot provide the financial sustenance necessary for Sri Lanka to pay back the $190 million of loans that the Exim Bank of China provided to build it anytime soon.
For that reason, Sri Lanka has been looking for other entities to take over Mattala International since last June. Some potential investors have emerged, with IZP, a Chinese informational technology company, leading the pack. However, reports on the state of these proposals had halted until the Indian offer came in last week.
India’s offer to take over the Mattala airport came barely two weeks after a landmark deal which saw a 70% share of Sri Lanka’s Hambantota deep sea port being sold to China for 99 years. The port and airport are within a half hour drive of one another, and are part of the same conurbation of development. When viewed in this light, it appears as if the timing of India’s offer may not have been a coincidence, and could be another move by India intended to counter China’s growing presence in the South Asian region — similar to India’s prospective deal to develop Sri Lanka’s Trincomalee port or a recent partnership with Japan to engage in large-scale infrastructure development in Asia and Africa.
However, if this was the case, it would fall right within Xi Jinping’s rhetoric about the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the “community of common destiny” that it is intended to provide the impetus for.
It is common to view the BRI as a Chinese expansionist strategy, with China vying to take control of as many of the world’s emerging infrastructure assets as possible. But this isn’t necessarily the case. China gains power through the BRI not by being omnipotent and competitive, but through what are called “mutually beneficial partnerships” with other countries. Ultimately, China controlling the Hambantota deep sea port and India running the Mattala airport is an ideal Belt and Road arrangement.
Since the start of the BRI in 2013, China has been trying to get India on board — something which is fundamental to the initiative’s success in South Asia. On numerous occasions, China has invited India to collaborate in Sri Lanka; trying to arrange Indian participation in the Colombo Port City project as well as at the impending industrial zone at Hambantota.
Despite India’s very public opposition to China’s BRI, they are very much wrapped up in the endeavour — and moving in to take over the Mattala airport would actually be another major step in this direction.