New Delhi: Though India tasted freedom on 15th August, 1947 but there was no constitution. A committee had been formed to make constitution. That made a draft of constitution.
January 26 was chosen to be observed as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1930 when the Indian National Congress declared Indian independence from the British regime. Also, India has the longest written Constitution in the world, with 448 articles in 22 Parts, 12 Schedules and 97 Amendments.
Republic Day is celebrated to mark the day when India formally adopted the Constitution and became an Independent Republic. On this day in 1950, India solidified its sovereignty by putting into effect the Constitution, a governing document that took nearly three years of careful deliberation to finalise and whose eventual enactment was joyfully celebrated across the country.
The first Republic Day was commemorated with a grand parade at the Rajpath, a tradition that continues to the present day. The main celebration of Republic Day involves a parade in the capital which starts from the iconic India Gate and carries on along the Rajpath. The parade includes marching contingents, various tableaux and performances showcasing the different cultures of the country. This year’s parade will feature tableaux from 14 states and union territories, and nine central ministries.
It is customary to host a leader of a foreign country as the chief guest of the Republic Day celebrations in Delhi. But this year, in a first, the parade have seen 10 chief guests – the leaders of all member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN. In another first, the ASEAN flag have also flown during the parade.
Another new addition to this year’s parade is that of 113 women from the Border Security Force, or BSF, who roared across the Rajpath performing breathtaking stunts on motorcycles. The women squad has been named Seema Bhavani or “the border braves”. The women contingent showcased 16 types of stunts, including “Pyramid”, “Fish Riding”, “Shaktiman“, “Bull Fighting” and “Seema Prahari“.