Have you ever imagined why we celebrate this day as Children’s Day?Children’s Day is celebrated on the 14th of November in India as a tribute to Jawaharlal Nehru, who was born on November 14, 1889. He believes that children have innocent heart and they win the heart of everyone with their innocent smile and angelic smile. He wished that his birthday would be celebrated as the Children’s Day. Hence, after his death, we offer him tribute by celebrating 14th November as Children’s Day.
Jawaharlal Nehru, who was fondly called Chacha Nehru or simply Chachaji, was known for his love for children. On this day, chocolates and gifts are often distributed among children, while schools organize different events such as debates, and music and dance performances.
It is also a common practice to distribute gifts like clothes, toys and books to orphan children on this day.
Prior to 1964, India celebrated Children’s Day on 20 November, which was observed as the universal Children’s Day by the United Nations. But after his death in 1964, it was unanimously decided to celebrate his birthday as Bal Diwas in the country due to his love and affection towards children.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru once said “The children of today will make the India of tomorrow. The way we bring them up will determine the future of the country”. Keen on the development and education of children in the country, Pandit Nehru oversaw the establishment of some of the most prominent educational institutions in India. His vision for the development of youth played a major role in the setting up of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, or AIIMS, and the Indian Institutes of Technology. He even initiated the establishment of the Indian Institutes of Management.
Apart from his role as a freedom fighter and politician, Pandit Nehru has left behind a legacy of education and development of children in the country, and November 14 is celebrated as a tribute to him.
Here are some of the stirring quotes from the speech that is considered to be one of the greatest speeches of the 20th century:
1. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.
2. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance.
3. We end today a period of ill fortune and India discovers herself again. Are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?
4. Freedom and power bring responsibility. The responsibility rests upon this Assembly, a sovereign body representing the sovereign people of India.
5. As long as there are tears and suffering, so long our work will not be over.
6. Peace has been said to be indivisible; so is freedom, so is prosperity.
7. We have to build the noble mansion of free India where all her children may dwell.
8. We shall never allow that torch of freedom to be blown out, however high the wind or stormy the tempest.
9. All of us, to whatever religion we may belong, are equally the children of India with equal rights, privileges and obligations.
10. India, our much-loved motherland, the ancient, the eternal and the ever-new, we pay our reverent homage and we bind ourselves afresh to her service.