New Delhi: The National Mineral Exploration Policy on Wednesday got the Cabinet approval, paving the way for auction of 100 prospective mineral blocks and boosting the country’s mining potential.
“The Cabinet today cleared National Mineral Exploration Policy. After the policy is approved, the government can auction 100 blocks that have been identified by the Geological Survey of India (GSI) for exploration,” a source said. To encourage mineral exploration in the country, the Mines Ministry has already notified the National Mineral Exploration Trust.
“Through National Mineral Exploration Policy, the government wants to attract private sector in exploration, besides involving state-run GSI, MECL and other notified agencies. States will also play a greater role by referring exploration projects, which can be taken up through NMET,” a state government official said earlier.
National Mineral Exploration Policy has proposed that private entities engaged in carrying out regional and detailed exploration would get a certain share in revenue (by way of royalty or premium accruing to the state government) in mining operation from the successful bidder after the e-auction of the mineral block.
The revenue sharing could be either in the form of a lump sum or an annuity, to be paid throughout the period of mining lease with transferable rights. Selection of private explorer is proposed to be done through a transparent process of competitive bidding through e-auction.
For this, reasonable areas or blocks for regional exploration will be earmarked or identified by the government for auctioning. Of India’s entire Obvious Geological Potential (OGP) area, identified by GSI, only 10% has been explored and mining is undertaken in 1.5 to 2% of this area.