Beautiful Father Of Indian Botany-Roxburg’s House In Dilapidated Condition


Kolkata: The people of Bengal is known for their tradition, culture and rituals. Many important place situated in this Bengal. But sometimes, negligence to maintain this important things saddened the people of Bengal. And one of this example is the house of William Roxburg, who is known as “The Father of Indian Botany”.

The house of Roxburg is situated in West Bengal’s Shibpur area under Botanical Garden. But the sad news is the condition of the house is worst. The pillar of the house is damaged totally. Flora and fauna covered them. The entry fees is hiked with the time. Many new project started to save and go green the garden but they do not show any wish to repair the father of the Indian botany house. They failed repeatedly to maintain the house.

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The father of Indian botany and the founder of the botanical garden of Shibpur, William Roxburgh’s house, is located inside the Shibpur Botanical Garden. The architecture of the house, in front of the Ganges is unique. Portico in front of the house is unique. The interior of the portico is beautiful and small tiles which condition is very bad. On the right side, the wooden stairs damaged totally. A hanging garden of the house gives us the perfect view scenario.

In this context, Botanical garden authority said that they have no money to repair the house at present. Already they need huge amount of money to maintain the garden. Few days ago, a initiative is taken to repair the house but seeing the estimated cost, it was lagged behind.

After the death of Colonel Robert Kyd (Robert Kyd, 1746-1793), founder of the Botanical Garden, Roxburgh took charge as the superintendent of the Garden in November 1793. His bountiful enthusiasm and relentless efforts helped the botanic garden develop into a prominent garden in a short time. Roxburgh took his new position and responsibilities as a major challenge. He started cultivating gardens on experimental basis by collecting Segun, Bengal Hemp, Virginia Tobacco, Arbian Coffee and Indigo seedlings from various places of the subcontinent. By January 1794, he sent more than 2000 saplings or seeds to various places in India, England, the West Indies and St. Helena.

In October 1797, Roxburgh planted a few samples of nutmeg in the court premises which lasted for a long time. In November, he sent about 170 plantations and planted around 120 plant species to various places.

There were about 300 species of plants in the park when Roxburgh took charge of the garden. During his retirement in 1813, there were about 3500 species of plants in that garden. Now lets see when the government of West Bengal will take the initiative to repair the house of the father of Indian Botany.

Reported By- Souptik Banerjee
Edited By- Piku Mukherjee