Cranberra: The Great Barrier Reef is “not dying”, Australia insisted on Friday, as it updated UNESCO on efforts to protect the natural wonder while scientists blasted a lack of urgency in dealing with climate change. Canberra last year narrowly avoided the UN body putting the site on its endangered list and was ordered to report to the World Heritage committee by December 1 on its “Reef 2050” rescue plan.
The giant ecosystem is under pressure from farming run-off, development, the crown-of-thorns starfish and climate change, which led to a mass bleaching event this year that devastated swathes of coral. In the report, the government said 32 of the plan’s 151 actions to improve the reef had been achieved. Another 103 were under way, four were delayed, and 12 were not yet due.
“When we came to government we inherited a reef on UNESCO’s endangered watchlist,” Environment Minister Josh Frydenberg told Sky News. “We’ve done everything possible since that time to put in place a plan, to invest huge amounts of resources to improve water quality, to work with the farming community to tackle the crown-of-thorns starfish and to preserve this natural wonder of the world.
“We have to put the facts on the table,” he added. “The reef is not dead, it’s not dying, it’s resilient, it’s healthy and we’ve made great strides forward in the last few years.” The government has committed more than USD 1.5 billion to protect the reef over the next decade with the update highlighting progress on land management practices to prevent sediment run off, which helps spawn the coral-eating starfish. It also pointed to a ban on sea-based disposal of dredge material in the area and restrictions on new port developments. But the rescue plan included no new funding or commitments to tackle climate change despite acknowledging this was the reef’s biggest threat.
This year’s bleaching, due to warming sea temperatures, killed two-thirds of shallow-water corals in the north of the 2,300-kilometre-long reef, although central and southern areas escaped with less damage. The update said Canberra was acting on global warming through the United Nations talks that led to the recent Paris climate deal, but scientists said it was not enough.
“Funding water quality efforts on the reef while failing to do anything about climate change is a bit like fixing a window while the house is on fire,” said Tim Flannery from the independent Climate Council. “I’m not even sure you can call a plan that includes no new funding and no new actions on climate change a plan — it’s simply a re-announcement of old commitments.”
Greenpeace Australia was equally scathing, saying it was unacceptable that while recognising the impact of global warming on the reef the government “then completely fails to do anything about it”.